HISTORIC MOMENTS TO MONUMENTAL MUSIC. MUSIC. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> THE DAWN OF THE 1960s WAS >> THE DAWN OF THE 1960s WAS RIPE FOR REVOLUTION.
RIPE FOR REVOLUTION. THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT SPARKED DEBATE ABOUT CULTURAL DIVIDE AND IN TOWNS ACROSS DIVIDE AND IN TOWNS ACROSS AMERICA,
INTEGRATION TOOK HOLD. AMERICA, FOR INDIANA AVENUE, THE EMMY FOR INDIANA AVENUE, THE EMMY EPICENTER, THE END OF FORCED EPICENTER,
THE END OF FORCED SEGREGATION LED TO DOWNTOWN EXPANSION AND THE ONE DYNAMIC EXPANSION AND THE ONE DYNAMIC CORRIDOR DISAPPEARED.
YET 60 MILES SOUTH, SOMETHING WAS STIRRING AT INDIANA WAS STIRRING AT INDIANA UNIVERSITY’S SCHOOL OF MUSIC.
IN THE 1950s, STUDENTS AND AND MUSICIANS SUCH AS DAVID BAKER, DAVID BAKER, ALC OUABAIN AND JERRY COKER was PLAYING JAZZ AROUND TOWN AND AND AROUND CAMPUS. AROUND CAMPUS.
Trained as a music educator and trombonist, Baker spent the early part of his career in the 1940s and 1950s as a jazz musician, performing and recording in the United States and in Europe. A facial injury suffered in an automobile accident in 1953 ended his career as a trombonist, but Baker switched to cello and turned his attention to teaching and musical composition. In 1966 he joined the music faculty at Indiana University in Bloomington, where he established the school’s jazz studies program. He was later named an IU distinguished professor and chair of the university’s Jazz Studies department in the Jacobs School of Music. In addition, he became one of the co-musical directors of the Smithsonian Jazz Masterworks Orchestra in 1991. He composed music, mostly on commission, and wrote hundreds of scholarly works related to music. He was active in numerous musical arts organizations.
THE MUSIC THREATENED TO INFILTRATE THE HALLOWED CLASSICAL SOUNDS OF THE SCHOOL.
STUDENTS WERE THEN THROWN OUT OF PRACTICE ROOMS FOR DARING TO PLAY JAZZ.
THE CHANGING POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CLIMATE OF THE 1960s, HOWEVER, PROVIDED AN UNEXPECTED OPENING FROM THE HIDDEN CAMPUS CORNERS TO THE HIDDEN CAMPUS I.U. MUSIC HALLS. IT WAS THE SUMMER OF 1963, WHEN 250,000 CIVIL RIGHTS SUPPORTERS GATHERED AT THE STEPS OF THE LINCOLN MEMORIAL, LISTENING TO DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, DREAM OF A BETTER WORLD.
DREAM OF A BETTER WORLD.
WITHIN THE DECADE, HE WOULD BE DEAD. DEAD.
> I HAVE A DREAM TODAY.
>> I HAVE A DREAM TODAY.
>> BUT HIS LEGACY WOULD SEND A RIPPLE THAT WOULD STRETCH FROM RIPPLE THAT WOULD STRETCH FROM D.C. TO BLOOMINGTON . AS DAVID BAKER EXPLAINS, ALL OF ALL OF A SUDDEN, THERE WAS THIS INTEREST IN DIVERSITY AT THE DEGREE LEVEL.
DIVERSITY AT THE DEGREE LEVEL SCHOOL WAS JUST BEGINNING TO BE INTEGRATED AND SO CONSEQUENTLY PEOPLE BECAME VERY INTERESTED IN HAVING SOME AWARENESS OF WHO BLACK PEOPLE WERE.
THE JAZZ HISTORY COURSES WERE BEGINNING TO GAIN CREDIBILITY. INTEREST MEANT NEW FOUND SUPPORT, AND BY 1968, INDIANA UNIVERSITY FORMED ONE OF THE FIRST JAZZ DEGREE PROGRAMS IN THE COUNTRY.
ALL THAT THE UNIVERSITY NEEDED WAS A LEADER, AND FOR THAT THEY TURNED TO A MAN ROOTED IN INDIANA JAZZ, DAVID BAKER
DAVID BAKER. BORN IN INDIANAPOLIS IN 1931, BAKER GREW UP ALONG INDIANA AVENUE AT A TIME WHEN THE COMMUNITY STILL BUZZED TO THE BEATS OF JAZZ MUSIC.
AT THIS HIGH SCHOOL, BAKER DISCOVERED HIS LOVE FOR DIZZY GILLESPIE AND CHARLIE PARKER AND HIS NATURAL TALENT FOR TROMBONE.
IT WAS OUTSIDE THE CLASSROOM WALLS WHERE BAKER HONED HIS CRAFT.
AS HE EXPLAINED, EDUCATION TOOK PLACE IN THE STREET. WE WOULD GO AROUND TO THE CLUBS LISTENING AND TRYING TO GET IN. BECAUSE WE WEREN’T OLD ENOUGH WE PUT ON OUR BERETS AND HORN-RIMMED GLASSES AND DRAW MUSTACHES ON OUR UPPER LIP AND HOPE IT DIDN’T RAIN.
THE DAVE BAKER QUARTET, LEFT THE AVENUE FOR THE WORLD OF INDIANA UNIVERSITY, WHERE HE GRADUATED WITH A MASTER’S DEGREE IN MUSIC IN 1954.
OVER THE NEXT DECADE HE TOURED WITH SUCH LEGENDS AS GEORGE RUSSELL AND QUINCY JONES. A DEVASTATING CAR ACCIDENT, HOWEVER, DRAMATICALLY ALTERED BAKER’S CAREER AFTER LINGERING INJURIES FORCED HIM TO ABANDON HIS TROMBONE, HE HIM TO ABANDON HIS TROMBONE, HE SOUGHT A NEW MUSICAL OUTLET. IT A WAS UNLIKELYCHOICE WAS THE CELLO BUT THE NEW INSTRUMENT INSPIRED NEW MUSICAL Shiftin HIS gFOCUS FROM PERFORMANCE TO COMPOSITION AND EDUCATION.
BY 1966, BAKER RETURNED TO INDIANA UNIVERSITY TO COMPLETE HIS DOCTORAL STUDIES. HIS DOCTORAL STUDIES. THE TIMING WAS SYNCHRONISTIC, JERRY COKER WHO PLAYED AN INSTRUMENTAL ROLE IN THE BIRTH OF JAZZ EDUCATION AT INDIANA UNIVERSITY, SOUGHT A SUCCESSOR TO LEAD THE NEWLY FORMED JAZZ PROGRAM.
BAKER’S UNIQUE COMBINATION OF STREET CREDIBILITY AND FORMAL STREET CREDIBILITY AND FORMAL EDUCATION MADE HIM THE PERFECT CANDIDATE FOR THE NEXT TEN YEARS,BAKER ACTED AS SOLE EDUCATOR, ACTED AS ESTABLISHING FUNDAMENTAL COMPONENTS THAT WOULD LEAD THE PROGRAM’S OVERWHELMING SUCCESS.
SUCCESS. FIRST, HE DEVISED A DIVERSE FIRST. THE STUDENTS COULD CHOOSE THE STUDENTS CLASSES IN SUCH SUBJECTS AS JAZZ HISTORY, JAZZ ANALYSIS AND THE HISTORY THE EVOLUTION OF MUSIC.
IN ADDITION, THROUGH HIS COMPOSITIONS, BAKER HELPED BRIDGE THE GAP BETWEEN JAZZ AND CLASSICAL TRADITIONS,WRITING PIECES THAT MERGED GENRES IN THIRD STREAM, STRENGTHENING THE RELATIONSHIP WITH CLASSICAL MUSIC FACULTY MEMBERS.
MUSIC FACULTY MEMBERS. FINALLY, HE CREATED A PROGRAM FINALLY, HE CREATED A PROGRAM THAT’S ABLE TO ADAPT QUICKLY. THAT’S ABLE TO ADAPT QUICKLY. AS BAKER EXPLAINED, WE HAD TO AS BAKER EXPLAINED, WE HAD TO KEEP OUR EARS TO THE GROUND KEEP OUR EARS TO THE GROUND BECAUSE TONIGHT BEEN DICTATED BY BECAUSE TONIGHT BEEN DICTATED BY WHAT THE STUDENTS NEED BUT ALSO WHAT THE STUDENTS NEED BUT ALSO LOOKING BACKWARDS AND TELLING LOOKING BACKWARDS AND TELLING THEM THIS IS YOUR LEGACY, BUT THEM THIS IS YOUR LEGACY, BUT YOU CAN’T STOP HERE. YOU CAN’T STOP HERE.
♪ ♪ THE PROGRAM’S LEGACY HASN’T STOPPED EITHER. TODAY THE I.U. JAZZ STUDIES JAZZ STUDIES PROGRAM REMAINS ONE OF THE MOST RENOWNED IN THE WORLD, PRODUCING RENOWNED NUMBER OF NOTABLE JAZZ Musicians Many of his students became giants of jazz themselves, including Jamey Aebersold, Jim Beard, Chris Botti, Michael and Randy Brecker, John Clayton, Peter Erskine, Jeff Hamilton, Freddie Hubbard, Robert Hurst and Shawn Pelton.
Indiana University mourns David Baker, distinguished professor and jazz legend…
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. — The Indiana University Jacobs School of Music is deeply saddened to announce the death of David N. Baker, distinguished professor of music and Jazz Studies Department chair emeritus, at the age of 84.
Baker died peacefully Saturday, March 26,2016 at his home in Bloomington, Ind. A member of the Jacobs School of Music faculty since 1966, he founded the Jazz Studies program and served as its chair from 1968 to 2013.Read more